Abraham Wood, Appalachia, Blacksburg, Brandon Kirk, Confederate Army, George Crook, Giles County, history, John McCausland, MacArthur Inn, Monroe County, Montgomery County, Mountain Lake, Narrows, Native Americans, New River, Norfolk and Western Railroad, North Carolina, Phyllis Kirk, Stonewall Jackson, Tazewell County, The Crooked Road, Thomas Batts, Union Army, Virginia, West Virginia, William B. Giles, Wood's River
Abel Segur, Abraham Lincoln, Appalachia, Arthur I. Boreman, Bill Smith, Burlington, Cabell County, Cassville, Catlettsburg, Ceredo, Charleston, civil war, Confederate Army, crime, David Bartram, David Frasher, Department of West Virginia, deputy sheriff, G.W. Brown, Gallipolis, Gallipolis Journal, George Crook, Greenbrier County, Guyandotte, history, Ironton Register, Isaac Bloss, J.W. Merricks, Jack Meadows, Jefferson Davis, Jim Turner, John B. Bowen, John W. Holt, Kentucky, Logan County, Monroe County, Ohio, Ohio River, Pete Jeffers, Pike County, Pocahontas County, Point Pleasant, Raleigh County, sheriff, The Weekly Register, Tug Fork, Union Army, Wayne County, Webster County, West Virginia, Wheeling Intelligencer, William Wirt Brumfield
Below are several dispatches relating to the Civil War and immediate post-war era in Wayne County, West Virginia. These dispatches appeared in pro-Union newspapers.
Wheeling Intelligencer, 21 January 1865
WEST VIRGINIA AS A PLACE TO LIVE. I could not conscientiously recommend any one to come here now to live, although investment in farms will surely be profitable. The trouble now, chiefly, is that the guerrillas have broken up their organization, if they ever had any, and scattered into small squads to rob and steal. A schoolmistress, passing along a lonely road not far from Ceredo, was robbed of all her money, the amount she had just received for three months’ teaching, by three ruffians. A few nights ago men went to the house of a quiet farmer, one mile from Ceredo, and robbed him of a few dollars, all he had, and boots and some clothing. Some of the citizens keep arms in their houses, and intend to use them if visited in that way. One of these shot one of a gang of six one night not long ago, but became frightened himself, and ran off, giving the robbers a chance to take their wounded companion away. He has not been troubled since. Geo. Crook, commanding the Department of West Virginia, has issued a circular notifying the people that they must organize for their own protection, and recommends them to hunt the bushwhackers and kill them. Governor Boreman offers to furnish arms and ammunition. It will be done, and the guerrillas will decrease every week, I hope.
The Weekly Register (Point Pleasant, WV), 26 January 1865
GIVING THEMSELVES UP. — We learn that Lieut. Samuels, brother of Judge Samuels, formerly Adjutant General of this State, recently came into Wayne county, accompanied by a dozen or fifteen other rebel soldiers, all of whom took the amnesty oath. They say they are tired of fighting for nothing and freezing to death.
Wheeling Intelligencer, 21 February 1865
A GUERRILLA MURDER. We learn from citizens of Wayne county, who arrived yesterday, that a few days ago a guerrilla murder was committed at Ceredo, on the Ohio river in that county. It appears that a gang of men, under command of the notorious Bill Smith, came down to Ceredo and entered the house of Jack Meadows, a citizen, shot him through the heart, drove his wife and children out of doors, and set fire to the premises. Mrs. Meadows who fortunately armed with a revolver, shot one of the guerrillas dead and seriously wounded another, but not until one of her legs had been broken by a blow with a gun in the hands of one of the rebels. The rebels having completely destroyed the house of Mr. Meadows, and with all its contents, fled to their hiding places, leaving their dead companion unburied. Mrs. Meadows and her children were taken to Catlettsburg, Ky., where she still remains.
Wheeling Intelligencer, 23 February 1865
GUERRILLAS. — During the debate yesterday in the House of Delegates, upon the bill to provide for the better organization of the State Guards, some horrible pictures were presented of the condition of the loyal people of the border counties. Mr. Ferguson said that every part of the county of Wayne on the Ohio river, was held by guerrillas. In the county of Cabell only one two, Guyandotte, was held by the Federal troops. The rebels have their headquarters up in Logan county, and they make forays down toward the Ohio river, stealing, murdering and devastating the country. They enter the houses of loyal people and steal household furniture and bed clothing, and frequently strip women and children of wearing apparel and leave them in an actual state of nudity. Mr. Wells, of Raleigh, and Mr. Gregory, who represents Webster and Pocahontas, gave similar accounts of the condition of things in their respective localities.
Gallipolis Journal, 2 March 1865
CEREDO, WEST VIRGINIA. — Since the breaking out of the rebellion, “I give bread” town has been subjected to many vicissitudes. Its prospects when projected, in 1854, and later, was that of a great manufacturing city. Early in 1862, many of the Yankee citizens anticipated the coming storm, and either disposed of their property or left it to the despoiler. At one time it had a regiment quartered in its midst, but of late no troops have been nearer than Guyandotte. Disloyalty has cropped out under drunkenness and personal hate, until one’s life is endangered at any moment. Guerrillas and rebel sympathizers occupy the principal houses vacated by the owners. Not a public building stands untouched. The window and door frames, flooring and every sleeper of the hotel have been torn out and burned up. The dismantling of the steam saw mill and Glass Factory have long since been accomplished. Night is made hideous by the continued debaucheries of certain desperate characters, such as Jack Meddows and Pete Jeffers. There is not a loyal family left in Ceredo.
The Weekly Register (Point Pleasant, WV), 9 March 1865
A correspondent of the Ironton Register, writing from Burlington, O., says: The murder of Jack Middaughs, at Ceredo, on the 13th inst., was attended with some circumstances that deserve mention. The guerrillas surrounded his house before he knew of their presence. Then with a single revolver he drove them a little, wounding two of them. His wife then seized the revolver and threatened them, while Jack made his motions for escape. It was then that the rebs pressed forward to get up the stairs, Mrs. Middaugh standing at the head. Jim Turner was in advance, and finding Mrs. Middaugh in his way, swung his gun and with a blow smashed her foot. She then shot him through the breast, and he fell. At this moment Jack sprang down the stairs knocking down all in his path. He got out and nearly reached the woods, when he was met by three or four mounted men, who surrounded and killed him. — There were thirty-five men in the gang, with Smith, and it would be safe to say that twenty of them were at the house. Through this crowd Jack heroically fought his way and would have escaped but for the guards near the woods. The treatment of Mrs. Middaugh was barbarous in the extreme. It has been equaled only by the cruelties practiced by the Indians in the early times in this country. After she was disabled they took her and her children out, and made her lie down upon the ground, half dressed, refusing to permit her to get a single article from the house, while they were setting fire to it. On that bitter cold night of the 13th of February, in her condition, she was compelled to remain until the savages left. The conduct of this heroic woman is duly appreciated by the citizens of Catlettsburg and they have generously provided for her and her little ones.
Wheeling Register, 6 June 1865
The following resolutions were passed at a meeting of the citizens of Wayne county, West Virginia, held at the Court House on the 18th ult.:
WHEREAS, Our country is just emerging from civil war, which has laid waste our fields and drenched the land in fraternal blood; and
WHEREAS, It is to the interest of all to restore permanent peace and harmonize the elements necessary to a well regulated society; therefore, we, the people of Wayne county, in Mass Meeting assembled, do Resolve:
1st. That in the preservation and perpetuity of the principles set forth in the Constitution and Government of our fathers, we most sincerely and devoutly acknowledge an all wise Providence, who is the Giver of every good and perfect gift, and the common Father of us all; and we will, in time to come, rely implicitly upon Him for His protection and guidance.
2d. That it is the duty of every individual to lend his active aid and energy to the establishment of civil law, both State and National, and to its enforcement for the protection of life, liberty and property.
3d. That we justify and approve the Amnesty of President Lincoln. Its results have been beneficial, and the croakers and fault finders of the policy are morally arrayed against the Government and its best interest, and are not found among those who have fought its battles and borne it through the ordeal of war with success.
4th. That we concur in the convention called by the citizens of Greenbrier and Monroe, to meet at Charleston on the third day of June next, for the purpose of suppressing the lawless persons, and the restoration of order throughout the State, and do appoint and constitute Messrs. Abel Segur, John B. Bowen, R. Banton, and Isaac Bloss as delegates to represent Wayne county in said convention.
W.W. Brumfield, President
J.W. Merricks, Secretary
Wheeling Intelligencer, 25 April 1866
AFFAIRS IN WAYNE COUNTY. Cassville, Wayne Co., W.Va., March 23d, 1866. To the Governor of the State of West Virginia: Dear Sir: — After respects, I wish to call your immediate attention to some facts, as follows: Sometime last Spring you commissioned me as a notary public, and I was sworn and gave bond as the law directs. I am also assessor of the 2d district of Wayne county. I live and keep my office in Cassville; and it is with extreme difficulty and under great danger and hard threats that I am getting along. My entire neighborhood is rebel with the exception of old Squire Bartram and his boys, one of whom is our high Sheriff and another Capt. David Bartram our deputy Sheriff. I have forborne for a long time calling for men and arms, thinking the rebels would quiet down; but sir, we cannot execute the civil law unless something is done. We have been beaten by mobs and shot at on the streets and dared to help ourselves. They say they can’t have power, and we shan’t have it. Now, Governor, I suggest and absolutely insist that a company of one hundred volunteer militia be raised for our protection. The rebels say if you call out the militia, they will be in the majority but we do not want more than one hundred men. Our county is mostly quiet except around Cassville. A commander and company is not necessary for the enforcement of civil law in the lower end of the county. If in your judgment you see fit to commission and arm men, I would suggest that William Shannon be commissioned Captain. He is an honorable and upright man and knows something of both civil and military matters. Further, that David Frasher be commissioned as Lieutenant, to be stationed at Cassville. We must have from 25 to 50 men here in Cassville, or else we must get out of here. This is the landing place for all lumber that comes down Tug river. Those big buck rebels come down in time of high water sometimes by dozens from Logan county and from Pike county, Ky., with their navies [revolvers] buckled around them, hurrahing “for Jeff Davis,” cursing the Government, cursing Union men, and then we have to get out. Sir, I frequently see men come in here who are indicted for murder in Kentucky, defying everybody. Not more than eight miles from here, as some of the Home Guards were on their way home from being paid off a company of rebels fell on them and beat and abused them severely, calling the party “damned abolitionists,” and swore they would not submit to our laws. A few days ago they gathered in here and raised a riot with our Sheriff, and fell on him with clubs and weights and tried to kill him and his brother. His brother ran into my house for protection. They stoned my window out, knocked two panels out of my door and nearly killed my little child. If you see fit to protect us send the commissions immediately. The men can be raised in a few days. Send full instructions and special orders. You may send arms if you think proper, for there will be no doubt about recruiting the men immediately. We have plenty of guns here which belong to the State that can be gathered up. This company should be armed with revolvers instead of guns. I refer you to Major Brown [Col. G.W. Brown, Q.M. General], the man who came here and paid the home guards. He formed some acquaintance with me when he was here, also with Shannon and Lieut. Frasher. Yours, with respect, John W. Holt.
Abraham Trigg, American Revolution, Anthony Lawson, Botetourt County, Cabell County, Charles Lucas, Christian Snidow, Crump's Bottom, Culbertson's Bottom, David Price Lucas, Evan Shelby, Farley's Fort, Fort Chiswell, Giles County, Greenbrier County, Hezekiah Adkins Jr., Hezekiah Adkins Sr., James Burns, James Johnston, John Lucas, Joshua Butcher, justice of the peace, Kathleen Lucas, Logan County, Logan Court House, Lucas' Fort, Margaret Elizabeth Price, McGriff's Fort, Monroe County, Montgomery County, Muddy Creek, Muddy Fort, Nathaniel Mullins, Native Americans, New River, North Carolina, Parker Lucas, Parker Lucas Sr., Pittsylvania County, Ralph Lucas, Rich Creek, Sinking Creek, Summers County, Thomas Burke, Thomas Farley, Virginia, William Campbell, William H. Snidow, William Lucas, William Preston, William R. Lucas, Woods' Fort, Wythe County
William Lucas was born on 25 July 1749 to Charles and Kathleen Lucas in Pittsylvania County, Virginia. He married Margaret Elizabeth Price. They lived on Sinking Creek in present-day Giles County, Virginia. Lucas served in the American Revolutionary War (see pension records below). He was my great-great-great-great-great-grandfather. I descend through two of his grandsons, David Price Lucas (born c.1811) and William R. Lucas (born 1825).
Pension Application of William Lucas (R6507 VA)
Logan County November the 9th 1832
We the undersigned Justices of the peace for the County of Logan and State of Virginia, do hereby certify, that at the request of William Lucas, who from age and infirmity, is at present unable to attend at the courthouse of said County; We attended at the house of his son where he now lives; And he the said William Lucas, being duly Sworn, according to Law, made the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of an act of Congress in favour of revolutionary soldiers, passed on the 7th day of June 1832. That he enlisted in the company of Virginia Militia commanded by Captain Abraham Trigg in
Montgomery County Virginia; (The regiment was then Commanded by Colo. [Evan] Shelby; at an early period in our revolutionary War; and served in said Company and in said Regiment under the orders of General [William] Campbell in Carolina until the end of his eighteen months tour of Service [see endnote], when he again enlisted into Captain [James] Burns Company in the Regiment commanded by Colo [William] Preston Lieutenants name Snidow [Christian Snidow, pension application S17112] for some time, when he was discharged. He also Joined with his two Brothers in Montgomery County, in hireing men as Substitute, as the Law required, and he has never received any remuneration for his services. he is now 82 years of age, very infirm & poor & certainly well entitled to his Country’s aid; for he is intirely dependent on Charity for his support. Given under our hands & seals this 7th day of September in the year eighteen hundred & thirty two.
[signed] Nath’l Mullins [and] Anthony Lawson
Giles County To Wit [18 Jan 1833]
We Ralph Lucas and Wm H. Snidow two of the Justices of the peace in and for the said County of Giles do hereby certify that James Johnston [S5640] & Parker Lucas [S8868] appeared personally before us in said county and each being duly sworn according to Law the said James Johnston deposeth and said that in the year 1781 he served as a private in the army of the revolutionary war under the command of Capt James Burns on a call of the militia from the county of Montgomery that the company in which he served continued in Service about two months and he further sayeth that Wm. Lucas (who he understands now resides in the county of Logan and State of Virginia) Served as a private with him in the said company commanded by Capt James Burns which tour Served by Lucas he believes was about two months and further this Deponent sayeth not
James hisXmark Johnston
And the said Parker Lucas doth state that William Lucas he understands and believes now resides in the County of Logan and State of Virginia Served as a Private in the Virginia Militia Company in the Revolutionary war which Company was Commanded by Capt. James Burns which tower of Service he believes was about three months and Rendered in the State of North Carolina and he states further that the said William Lucas served Three months at Culbertson’s Bottom under Capt Thomas Burk which tour of Duty the said William Lucas served with this deponent and further this Deponent sayeth not.
Parker hisXmark Lucas
Virginia Giles County to Wit [28 Jan 1833]
We Ralph Lucas and Wm. H Snidow two of the Justices of the peace in and for the said County of Giles do hereby Certify, That Christian Snidow Sen personally appeared before us in said county and he first being duly sworn according to Law the s’d Christian Snidow deposeth and says that in year 1776 he served as a private under the command of Capt Thomas Burke on a call of the militia from the County of montgomery that the company in which he served continued in service about three months. And he further sayeth that that Wm. Lucas (who he now understands resides in the county of Logan) and State of Virginia served as a private with him in the said company commanded By Capt Thos. Burke which tour served by Lucas he believes was about three months, and he further sayeth that he served as Lieutenant in the year 1778 under the command of Cap James Burns that the company in which he served continued in service about two months and the said Wm Lucas served as a private under the command of Capt James Burns the same period above mentioned.
Virginia Giles County To Wit [28 Jan 1833]
We Ralph Lucas and Wm. H Snidow two of the Justices of peace in and for the said County of giles do hereby certify that Thomas Farley [W7244] appeared personally before us in said county and being first sworn duly according to law the said Thomas Farley deposth and said that in the year 1781 he served as a private in the army of the revolutionary war under the command of Capt Beirnes [sic] on a call of the militia from the county of Montgomery, and that he belives said Tour lasted about two months, and that he also knows that the said William Lucas served a Tour of Three months under the Command of Captain Thomas Burk, and Further this deponant sayeth not
Thomas hisXmark Farley
State of Virginia } To Wit
Logan County }
On this 16th day of February 1833 Personally appeared before me a justice of the peace for the County aforesaid William Lucas a resident of the county of Logan and State of Virginia aged Eighty three years on the 25th day July 1832 who first being duly sworn according to law doth on his Oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the Act of Congress passed the 7th day of June 1832 That he was drafted in the Militia service in the year 1781 by the order of Col. William Preston and that he served three Months in a company commanded by Capt Thomas Burk at Culvertsons bottom in the County of Montgomery Virginia and was then marched to Muddy fort [probably one of the forts on Muddy Creek] Greenbrier County and served their three months under the same Capt Burk against the Indians and was then ordered by Colo Wm Preston to march in the company commanded by Captain James Burns to fort Chissel [sic: Fort Chiswell in present Wythe County VA.] and then marched into North Carolina in the same company of Capt James Burns and Lieutenant Snidow and after serving two months was discharged by Colonel William Preston in North Carlina in the year 1781 – He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or an annuity (except the present) and he declares that his name is not on the pension Roll of any agency in any state. Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid before me. Joshua Butcher, J. Peace.
William hisXmark Lucas
Virginia Giles County to wit
This day Parker Lucas Se’r personally appeared before the undersigned justices of the peace in and for said County, and made oath in due form of law, that William Lucas now of the County of Logan who he understands is now applying for a Pension, that the said William Lucas was forted at McGriffs Fort in the year 1772 to the best of his recollection, for a term of something like three months, and that in the year 1773 the said Lucas was forted at Lucas’s Fort [John Lucas’s Fort on New River] For a term of about three months, and in the year 1774 the said Lucas was forted at Bargers Fort [possibly Barager’s Fort, then and now in Montgomery County] for a like term of about three months, and that in the year 1777 to the best of this affiants recollection the said Lucas was stationed at Farleys Fort [at present Crumps Bottom in Summers County WV] and that in 1778 (as he believes) the said Lucas was stationed at Woods’ fort [Wood’s Fort on Rich Creek in present Monroe County WV] for the term of three months, and that the foregoing services were rendered in defence of the white People against the Indians, and that in the year 1781 (as this affiant believes) the said Lucas served a tour of Service in the militia under the command of Captain James Burns in the State of North carolina which tour he thinks lasted for the term of three months.
Parker Lucas Sr
We do certify that the foregoing affidavit was sworn to before us in the County of Giles and State aforesaid this 18th day of April 1834
Ralph Lucas J.P. [and] Wm. H. Snidow J.P.
Virginia Cabell County to wit
This Day Came Hezekiah Adkins, Sen’r [R290] personally appeared before me the under signed Justice of the peace in and for said County and made oath in due form of law that William Lucas now of the County of Logan who he understands is now applying for a pension that the said William Lucas he believes was forted at Mcgriffs fort but dont recollect how long the foresaid H Adkins to the best of his recollection the said Lucas was forted at Lucas fort for a turm about Three months and that the said Lucas was forted at wood and fort for the turm about three months and that the foregoing services ware rendered in defence of the white people against indians and this affiant believes that the said Lucas served two towers and believes one of them under preston and dont recollect how Long
I do certify that the said Hezekiah Adkins Senr is a or dained preacher of the gospel and do also certify that the forgoing affidavid was sworn to before me in County of Cabell and state of Virginia this 13th day of October 1834 Hezekiah Adkins Jur
Logan County Va. November the 1st day 1834
We the undersigned Justices of the peace for the County of Logan in the State of Virginia Do hereby certify that at the request of William Lucas who, from old age and infirmity, is unable to attend at the Courthouse of said County; We attended at the house of his son John Lucas, where he now lives, and the said William Lucas, being duely Sworn, in form of Law, made the following, declaration, in order to obtain, the benefit of an Act passed by Congress on the 7 day of June 1832. That he was drafted, in the year 1772 to go on a tour of Service; to protect the frontier of Virginia, a gainst the Indians, and also in 1773 and a gain in 1777 he was drafted, for the same Service, & was stationed at Farleys fort on New river for 3 months; and in 1778 he was Stationed at Woods fort for 3 months; He was shortly after drafted into the Virginia Militia, & served a tour of three months, in the Regiment Commanded by Colonel Shelby; in the Company of Captain Abraham Trigg, was with the army under Gen’l. Campbell in Carolina, at the end of this tour He enlisted into the regiment Commanded by his neighbour Col. Preston, and served a tour of three months, in the Company of James Burns; Lieut Snidow, when he was discharged. He also enlisted with his brothers in hiring substitutes, as the Law required; and alltho’ his brother in Giles County [Parker Lucas], in better circumstances has received a pension, he has received nothing in payment for his services, whatever; He is now 84 years of Age, and very infirm, and poor; and certainly well entitled to his Countrys aid; in the time of his great need; and utter inability to help himself–: He relinquishes every other Claim except the present, to any pension; & his name is on no pension Roll whatever in any State–
William hisXmark Lucas
Sworn to, and subscribed before us this 1st day of November 1834
[signed] Anthony Lawson J.P. Nath’l. Mullins JP
The following interogatories were then put by us as are required by the War office:
Agent of pension
1. Question. Where and in what year were you born?
Answer I was born in Pittsylvania County Va. in the year 1749.
2. Question Have you any record of your age &c?
Answer. I have no record of my age, nor do I know of any.
3. Question. Where were you living when called into service, where have you lived since, and where do you now live?
Answer. I was living in Botetourt County Va. – I have lived Chiefly since in Montgomery
County; and now, & for 7 years last past in Logan County Virginia –
4. Question. How were you called into service, were you drafted, or were you a Substitute, and if a substitute for whom?
Answer. I was drafted frequently & also volunteered –
5. Question. State the names of some of the regular officers, who were with the troops where you served; such continental and Militia Regiments, as you can recollect & the general circumstances of our services.
Answer. I remember the names of Col Shelby, Col Preston; Capt Trigg, Capt [Thomas] Burke, Capt. [John] Lucas; Capt Burns; & Lieut Snidow.
6. Question. Did you ever receive a discharge from the service, & if so; by whom was it given; and what has become of it?
Answer. I believe that I received a discharge from Col. Preston but have lost it many years ago–
A letter in the file explains that Lucas’ first declaration was questioned by the Pension Office because the claim for a militia tour of 18 months was out of the ordinary. The claim for a pension was ultimately rejected because Lucas’s later declarations were inconsistent with each other and the supporting statements. In his own pension application James Johnston did not claim to have served in 1781.
Appalachia, civil war, Confederate Army, Elijah Gartin, Eliza Ann Gartin, Elizabeth Agnes Gartin, Elizabeth Margaret Gartin, farming, Fourteen, genealogy, Greenbrier County, Harry Patterson Gartin, Harts Creek District, Henry H. Hardesty, history, Isaac Gartin, James A. Gartin, James Toney, Josephus Workman, justice of the peace, Kanawha County, Lincoln County, Little Harts Creek, Logan, Martha Frances Gartin, Mary Gartin, Meadow Bluffs, Monroe County, Nancy Caroline Gartin, Nancy Toney, Susan Jane Gartin, Virginia, West Virginia
From “Hardesty’s History of Lincoln County, West Virginia,” published by H.H. Hardesty, we find this entry for Isaac Griffith Gartin, who resided at Little Harts Creek in Lincoln County, West Virginia:
Was born in Monroe county, (now) West Virginia, February 3, 1832, and settled in Lincoln county in 1864. His parents are Elijah Alexander and Mary (Carper) Gartin, who settled here in 1850. August 28, 1856, in Logan county, (now) West Virginia, the Rev. J. Workman joined in wedlock Isaac G. Gartin and Elizabeth Margaret Toney. She was born in Kanawha county, (now) West Virginia, October 15, 1835, and she is a daughter of James and Nancy (Gillispie) Toney, who came to this county in 1843. Mr. and Mrs. Gartin have been blessed with six children: Eliza Ann, born October 3, 1857, married and residing in Lincoln county; James Alexander, September 12, 1860, married and lives in this county; Susan Jane, June 22, 1864; Nancy Caroline, September 12, 1867; Elizabeth Agnes, February 18, 1872; Martha Frances, March 11,1 876. Isaac Gartin was justice of the peace for four years in Hart Creek district, and secretary of the board of education six years, also a member of that board for a number of years. Mr. Gartin volunteered in the State line troops of Virginia, and served eight months, when it was thought best to abandon the brigade to which he belonged, and he came home. They were afterward ordered to meet an officer in Logan C.H., who would muster them into the regular service, but this failed, and Mr. Gartin again returned to his home. Harry P., a brother of Isaac G., a volunteer in the Confederate army, was taken sick and died at Meadow Bluffs, Greenbrier county, after one year’s service. Isaac Griffith Gartin owns a fine farm at the head of Little Hart creek, and the land produces well in grain as well as fruit, and it contains iron ore and fine building stone. Address, Fourteen, Lincoln county, West Virginia.
Source: The West Virginia Encyclopedia, Vol. 7 (Richwood, WV: Jim Comstock, 1974), p. 134-135.
Augusta Shannon, Cora F. Shannon, Cosby J. Shannon, Elizabeth B. Shannon, Fraland B. Shannon, genealogy, Henry H. Hardesty, history, James H. Shannon, James Justice, James W. Shannon, Jennie Justice, John C.H. Shannon, John L. Shannon, Kentucky, Larkin Shannon, Lightburn F. Shannon, Monroe County, Pike County, R.A. Brock, Rena Shannon, Richmond, Sun Hill, Tazewell County, U.S. South, Virginia, Virginia and Virginians, West Virginia, Wyoming County
From “Virginia and Virginians, 1606-1888,” published by H.H. Hardesty, we find this entry for John C.H. Shannon, who resided at Sun Hill in Wyoming County, West Virginia:
Son of James H. and Rena (Gore) Shannon, was born Aug. 11, 1853 in Wyoming county, W.Va. His father was born in Tazewell county, Va., Dec. 30, 1808, and died June 14, 1890; his mother in Monroe county, W.Va., June 30, 1810; they were married in Logan county Jan. 13, 1831, the mother dying Sept. 28, 1888. Dec. 30, 1875, J.C.H. Shannon was married to Augusta, daughter of James Justice, who was born Dec. 5, 1812, in Pike county, Ky., and died in Logan county, W.Va., Aug. 12, 1874. Her mother’s maiden name was Jennie Hatfield, who was born in Pike county, Jan. 10, 1813, dying in Logan county April 18, 1886. Mr. and Mrs. Shannon’s children’s records are: Fraaland B., born Feb. 20, 1877; Cora F., born Oct. 21, 1878; James W., born Feb. 3, 1880, and died Aug. 4, 1888; Lightburn F., born July 23, 1881; John L., born Jan 16, 1883; Cosby J., born Aug. 22, 1885; Elizabeth B., born March 12, 1887; and Larkin, born May 11, 1889. Mr. Shannon is engaged in merchandising and farming near Sun Hill, W.Va.
Source: Dr. R.A. Brock, Virginia and Virginians, 1606-1888 (Richmond, VA: H.H. Hardesty, Publisher, 1888), p. 838.
Bertie Camden Roach, Charles Philip Roach, circuit clerk, civil war, clerk, Demaris Roach, Franklin Pierce Roach, Franklin Pierce Roach Jr., genealogy, Henry H. Hardesty, history, Ira McDowell Roach, John Kenna Roach, Maggie Roach, Monroe County, Nellie Roach, Oceana, R.A. Brock, Reuben R. Roach, Richmond, Sarah Roach, Virginia, Virginia and Virginians, West Virginia, William Roach, Wyoming County
From “Virginia and Virginians, 1606-1888,” published by H.H. Hardesty, we find this entry for Franklin Pierce Roach, who resided in Wyoming County, West Virginia:
The Roach family is of English descent. Reuben R. Roach, who was grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was born in 1790; his wife, whose maiden name was Sarah Ball, about 1794. Their son, William Roach, father of Franklin P. Roach, was born in Monroe county, Va., May 17, 1822. He has always been looked up to as one of the leading citizens of his county, having filled several offices of trust, among them the office of sheriff for several terms, and is now U.S. Commissioner. During the war, he was a gallant soldier; he and his wife now reside in Wyoming county, W.Va. Mrs. Roach, whose maiden name was Nellie Cook, was born in Wyoming county June 13, 1828; they married there Feb. 13, 1845, the issue of this union being Franklin Pierce Roach, of whom this record is made. He was born at Oceana, W.Va., April 15, 1856; in 1872 he was appointed page of the Senate, W.Va., serving through two sessions; in 1875 he was elected doorkeeper of the Senate, though but 18 years old, being the youngest man who has ever filled that office. March 23, 1876, he was united in wedlock to Demaris Cook, who was born in Wyoming county, July 14, 1857. Their children have the following record: John Kenna, born Jan. 5, 1877; Bertie Camden, June 12, 1879; Ira McDowell, Oct. 6, 1881; Maggie, May 9, 1884; Charles Philip, Sept. 21, 1886; and Franklin P., Jr., July 15, 1889, died May 20, 1890. Mr. F.P. Roach was elected, Oct., 1884, to the office of clerk of Circuit and also County Court, in Wyoming county; both offices he is filling at present time with an ability that proves him fully entitled to the trust and confidence placed in him by his fellow citizens. The county can boast of no more honorable gentleman among her citizens than himself and father.
Source: Dr. R.A. Brock, Virginia and Virginians, 1606-1888 (Richmond, VA: H.H. Hardesty, Publisher, 1888), p. 837-838.
Alonzo Justice, Appalachia, Eva F. Justice, farming, genealogy, Giles County, Grover E. Justice, Henry H. Hardesty, history, House of Delegates, Jacob Cook, James Justice, Jennie Justice, John K. Justice, Kentucky, Larkin Justice, Laura B. Justice, Laura S. Justice, Linda Cook, Logan County, Lotty I. Justice, Mollie Justice, Monroe County, North Spring, Pike County, R.A. Brock, Richmond, Teddy F. Justice, U.S. South, Violinna Justice, Virginia, Virginia and Virginians, West Virginia, William E. Justice, Wyoming County
From “Virginia and Virginians, 1606-1888,” published by H.H. Hardesty, we find this entry for Hon. William E. Justice, who resided at North Spring, West Virginia:
Son of James and Jennie (Hatfield) Justice, was born May 16, 1849, in Logan county, W.Va., a worthy representative of a family which has long been seated in this section. His parents were born in Pike county, Ky., the father on Dec. 5, 1812, dying in Logan county, W.Va., Aug. 12, 1874; the mother born Jan. 10, 1813, dying here also on April 28, 1886. William E., the subject of this sketch, is one of fourteen children, twelve of whom are living. March 24, 1870, he married Laura S., daughter of Jacob and Linda (Chambers) Cook, long and honored residents of this section. Her father was born in Giles county, Va., May 21, 1814, and her mother in Monroe county, W.Va., on July 19, 1819. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Justice are ten in number: Alonzo, born March 31, 1871; Larkin, Feb. 27, 1873; Mollie, March 16, 1875; John K., June 1, 1877; Laura B., Sept. 20, 1879; Teddy F., Dec. 15, 1881; Grover E., April 20, 1883; Violinna, July 10, 1886, dying Aug. 19, the same year; Lotty I., Nov. 19, 1887; and Eva F., Feb. 5, 1890. Hon. W.E. Justice is engaged in farming and merchandising at North Spring, Wyoming county, W.Va., and has amassed extensive means and territory in both Logan and Wyoming counties, consisting of coal and timber lands. He was elected to represent Logan county in the House of Delegates on Nov. 6, 1888, his term having now expired, which he filled with credit and acceptability; post office address, North Spring, W.Va.
Source: Dr. R.A. Brock, Virginia and Virginians, 1606-1888 (Richmond, VA: H.H. Hardesty, Publisher, 1888), p. 834.
Appalachia, Cyclone, Elizabeth A. Hinchman, genealogy, Grace Hinchman, Henry H. Hardesty, history, Laura Hinchman, Logan County, Lorenzo D. Hinchman, Monroe County, R.A. Brock, Rebecca Hinchman, Revolutionary War, Richmond, Rosa Hinchman, timbering, U.S. South, Ulysses Hinchman, Virginia, Virginia and Virginians, Walter Hinchman, West Virginia
From “Virginia and Virginians, 1606-1888,” published by H.H. Hardesty, we find this entry for Lorenzo D. Chambers, who resided at Cyclone, West Virginia:
Son of Ulysses and Rebecca (McDonald) Hinchman, was born Dec. 25, 1833, in Logan county. W.Va. His father was born April 6, 1817, in Monroe county, W.Va., but was for many years an honored resident of Logan county, where he died March 7, 1882; his wife, and the mother of the subject of this sketch, was of one of the oldest and wealthiest families of this section; her father served with distinction six years in the Revolutionary war; she died April 3, 1887. Lorenzo D. Hinchman was married Jan. 25, 1870, to Elizabeth A. Chambers, who was born March 23, 1842, in Logan county, W.Va. They have issue: Laura, born Nov. 9, 1870; Grace, July 26, 1873; and Rosa, June 22, 1877; one son, Walter, was born Aug. 224, 1878. Mrs. Hinchman’s parents were both born in Monroe county, W.Va., and both died in Logan county; the father, born Aug. 2, 1790, died Jan. 14, 1876; and the mother, born Aug. 20, 1794, dying Sept. 9, 1876. Mr. Hinchman is engaged in the timber business in connection with farming: his post office is Cyclone, Logan county, West Virginia.
Source: Dr. R.A. Brock, Virginia and Virginians, 1606-1888 (Richmond, VA: H.H. Hardesty, Publisher, 1888), p. 832-833.