Appalachia, Big Creek, Big Ugly Creek, genealogy, George W. Estep, Grant Cremeans, H.C. Chandler, history, John Chandler, Lincoln County, M.J. Chandler, Nancy Adora Chandler, notary public, Trace Branch, West Virginia
129th Regiment Virginia Militia, 12th Regiment Virginia Militia, Abner Vance, Adam Browning, Appalachia, Barney Carter, Big Creek, Calvary Hatfield, Chapmanville District, Charles Staton, civil war, David Mullins, Eli Gore, Evans Ferrell, genealogy, George Avis, George Bryant, Gilbert Creek, Gordon Riffe, Granville Riffe, Green A. Clark, Guyandotte River, Hardy District, Harts Creek, Harvey Ellis, history, Huff's Creek, Jack Dempsey, James H. Hinchman, James J. Hinchman, John Chapman, John DeJournett, John Dempsey, John Hager, John Hatfield, John Starr, Joseph B. Browning, Joseph Hinchman, Logan Banner, Logan County, Louis White, Magnolia District, Martin Doss, Mingo County, Nathan Elkins, Pecks Mill, physician, Reece Browning, Triadelphia District, Ulysses Hinchman, Union District, Virginia, West Virginia, Wheeling, William Dempsey, William McDonald, William Stollings, Wyoming County
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this bit of history for Logan County printed on November 3, 1936:
Time-Dimmed Record of Early Logan County Families in 1852-1877 Period in Old Books Found at Pecks Mill
Thumbing the now-dimmed pages of a yellowed book which recently came to light in old Peck’s Mill, members of Logan county’s oldest families may read in a painstakingly-kept record of the years 1852 to 1877 how their forefathers were brought into the world, married, educated, governed.
The record is written in pen and ink with the quaint flourishes and old-fashioned double letters of the 1800s by James J. Hinchman, who was clerk of the 12th regiment of the Virginia militia from 1852 to 1858; and by one, Ulysses Hinchman, who was clerk of the 129th regiment from 1858 to the Civil War; and later pastor, doctor, and trader.
The first entry, dated Nov. 3, 1852, records the meeting “at the house of Wm. McDonald near the mouth of Huffs Creek” of the Twelfth regiment of the Virginia militia in the days when Logan county was the property of Virginia.
Among the officers present were Major John Hager and Capt. James J. Hinchman, who was also clerk.
Most of the records at the first, which deal entirely with the regiment, are devoted to the salaries paid for “drumming and fifing,” the fines of 50 cents each for failure to report at meetings, and the excuse of members from duty “because of physical infirmities.”
Among the interesting entries is one relating, it is believed, to an ancestor of ex-champion Jack Dempsey, which reads:
“William Dempsey for fifing one day in Capt. Miller’s company.”
Two dollars, according to numerous accounts, was the regular salary paid for a day of fifing or drumming. For three days training, officers received $10.
Among regiment members mentioned are Calvary Hatfield and Reece Browning, forefathers of the Hatfield and Browning families of today.
On Sept. 10, 1858, the record is transferred to that of the 129th and is kept by Ulysses Hinchman. His first entry tells of a meeting at which John De Journett was elected colonel; K. McComas, first major; Reece Browning, second major; and Ulysses Hinchman, clerk. Officers attending were Captains George Avis, James H. Hinchman, John Starr, John Hatfield, John Chapman, and Barnabus Carter; and Lieutenants Martin Doss, George Bryant, Granville Riffe, Louis White, Charles Staton and Green A. Clark.
Interesting in these pages are the forming of new companies in which the names of the creeks and localities are for the most part the same as today. Among the familiar names are Huffs, Gilbert, Harts and Big Creek, Guyandotte river, and Trace Fork.
There is no mention of the Civil War, but it is mutely attested to by two entries, the first, dated 1862 at the bottom of one page and the second dated 1866 at the top of the next, which read:
“Apr. 5, 1862—Abner Vance and Nathan Elkins received their claims.
1866—Rec’d of Eli Gore, county treasurer for my last year’s services, $50.
“Ulysses Hinchman, superintendent of schools.”
The next year, we are gratified to learn, his salary has increased to $300.
We learn that Logan, which then included Mingo and Wyoming counties, was at that time composed of five districts, Union, Triadelphia, Hardy, Chapmanville, and Magnolia; and that the county’s finances were all handled through Wheeling, then the only city of size in West Virginia.
The records contain long lists of certificates awarded to teachers for $1, among the recipients being John Dempsey, Eli Gore, Joseph Hinchman, Harvey Ellis and Evans Ferrell.
In the midst of the records of 1866 and ’67 we come upon the terse paragraph which informs that:
“The sheriff failed to settle for taxes of 1861.”
The board of education’s budget for 1869 was $2077.60 and was apportioned to these clerks of the various townships; Union, David Mullins; Triadelphia, Gordon Riffe; Magnolia, Joseph B. Browning; Hardy, Adam Browning; and Chapmanville, Wm. Stollings. Increased expenses that year made it necessary to levy a tax of “5 cents on $100.”
An enumeration of all children “between the ages of 6 and 21” in 1868 totaled 2139.
In 1871, our patient scribe becomes “Dr. U.S. Hinchman” and the record his personal account book. We learn much of the practices and hardships of the first country doctors and that his troubles in collecting the pitifully small fees of those days were as great as those of any “specialist” of today.
Dr. Hinchman had no set rates, but based on his charges upon the number of miles traveled (usually 50 cents per mile); the number of days and nights spent, and—quite evidently—the circumstances of his patient.
His customary charge for a delivery, if it chanced to come in the day time, appeared to be $5.50; but if the child arrived in the night and required many miles of travel it was a more expensive proposition—the fees sometimes reaching as high as $9.
The birth of one of these $9 babies is graphically recorded as follows:
“Labor two nights and days–$7
10 miles at 50 cents–$5
The doctor’s highest charge was one of $10 on a case which required three days and nights.
Interspersed freely with the accounts of births, and sicknesses are frequent entries of marriages at $2 each.
Toward the last of the book, in 1877, the author’s handwriting becomes more labored and the fine shadings and flourishing gradually disappear—evidence that his years of soldiering, school teaching, and doctoring were taking their toll.
At this time, too, he begins to record not only his receipts, but his expenditures and trades, and we read, not without envy, of purchases of “one bushel of sweet potatoes, 50 cents,” and “one and a half bushel of Irish potatoes, 75 cents.”
One of the last entries, dated Aug. 1877, tells of his receiving for his professional services a large amount of coffee which he traded for $5 cash, a suit, and a round of shoes,” the latter evidently referring to horseshoes.
As, regretfully, we close the book; we feel that we know that patient and prolific old settler of Logan County, Ulysses Hinchman—his honor as a soldier and officer, his strict accounting of himself as a public official, his hardships and struggles as a country doctor; and through all, his conscientious, faithful keeping of records. And we share, with his descendants, a great pride in him.
Somehow we know that when, with failing hand, he concluded his long accounts in another book; his record was clear and straight—his house was in order.
Andrew Lewis, Appalachia, Aracoma, Battle of the Island, Big Creek, Boling Baker, Coal River, Dingess Run, Elizabeth Madison, George Booth, Gilbert Creek, Guyandotte River, Hatfield Island, history, Island Creek, John Breckinridge, Kentucky, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, Mingo County, Montgomery County, Native American History, Native Americans, Spruce Fork, Thomas Madison, Virginia, Washington County, West Virginia
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this bit of information about Logan’s early history printed on April 26, 1937:
Land On Which City Of Logan Now Stands First Owned by Breckinridge
The tract of land on which the city of Logan now stands and the Island–now “Hatfield’s Island”–once belonged to John Breckinridge, scion of an old Kentucky family and leader of the attacking party which broke the control of the Shawnee Indians in the Guyandotte valleys in the “Battle of the Islands.”
Princess Aracoma was killed in this battle and Boling Baker, her renegade white husband, was banished forever from the lush river valley where he had spent his days since his desertion from the English forces in Virginia.
Captain Breckenridge led the attack which made the valley safe for white settlers, and, in appreciation of his services, the new government allowed him 300 acres at the mouth of Island creek.
The land grant was made early in the 1780s along with a few others on Island Creek, Dingess Run, Gilbert Creek, Big Creek and the Spruce Fork of Cole River.
Surveying parties from Montgomery and Washington county, Virginia, braved the wilderness and apportioned the land in Guyan Valley and vicinity to early Indian fighters who had contributed their services to opening the valley for white settlement.
Included in the surveys made by deputy surveyors from Montgomery county were grants apportioning much of Island Creek, Spruce Fork, and Dingess Run to persons whose names are still remembered in the county has holders of much of this county’s land.
In these early surveys Andrew Lewis was given 3000 acres on Island Creek along with 2000 acres on Big Creek, and 3000 acres on Gilbert Creek.
Thomas Madison was given 2000 acres on Spruce Fork, 1000 acres on Dingess Run, and 2000 acres on Gilbert Creek.
Others who figured in this early allocation of land were Elizabeth Madison, who was given much of Spruce Fork; George Booth, who was awarded several thousand acres along Guyan River and on Island Creek; and George Booth [same name listed twice in this story], who received much of the land along Island Creek.
Later in the waning years of the 19th century other grants were made by the new government with the stipulation that settlement be made immediately, but these early grants were rewards for work well done in opening the valley of the Guyandotte for settlement.
Albert Hager, Appalachia, Big Creek, Bill Stollings, C&O Railroad, Carlisle Toney, Charleston, Cincinnati, College of Beauty Culture, Detroit, Dyke Garrett, Francis Mobley, Frank Estep, Franklin Estep Jr., genealogy, history, Ida Mae Agee, Jess Harmon, Jess Toney, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, Lula Mobley, Maud Belcher, Myrtle Mobley, Norma Sanders, Ohio, Ott Wilson, Pauline Mobley, Pearl Mobley, West Virginia, Willie Dingess
A correspondent named “Peggy” from Big Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on August 31, 1923:
Miss Pauline Mobley has just returned home for a short visit with her mother. She has been attending the College of Beauty Culture in Detroit. She will return to take up her studies sometime this month. She was a guest of her sister in Logan Friday.
Dr. Whitehill will return to his work sometime in September. He is visiting relatives in Ohio. We are anxious for his return.
Mrs. Franklyn McKinney announced the arrival of a son, Franklin, Jr.
Franklyn Estep has a new girl but her name is a secret just now. He was seen with her Sunday night.
Bill Stollings has a new meat market. Seen him driving a calf up Main Street Thursday.
Misses Francis, Lula, Pauline and Myrtle Mobley entertained friends Sunday and Sunday night.
Mrs. C. Clark is the guest of her mother, Mrs. G. Mullins, this weekend.
Mr. Willie Dingess planned a visit to Big Creek but unfortunately the girl ran away. She thought she was too young to receive callers.
Miss Lula Mobley of Logan will accompany her sister as far as Cincinnati on her return to Detroit.
Mrs. Jess Toney entertained friends Sunday. They were out driving Sunday afternoon.
Ott Wilson of Logan and his Packard is seen in Big Creek frequently.
Carlisle Toney was hit by a car Thursday evening.
Rev. Dyke Garrett will hold a basket meeting Sunday, September 2nd. Everybody is welcome to attend.
Ida Mae Agee and Maud Belcher were visitors in Big Creek Friday.
Miss Pearl Mobley and Norma Sanders are visiting Mrs. Albert Hager of Cincinnati this week.
Mrs. Jess Harmon, who was the guest of his mother Monday, has returned to Charleston where he is employed by the C. & O. R.R. Co.
Appalachia, Bedford Queen, Big Creek, Daisy Coal Mines, Earl McComas, genealogy, Gordon Lilly, Hamlin, history, Indiana, J.E. Whitehall, Lilly's Branch, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, moonshine, section foreman, West Virginia
An unknown correspondent from Big Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on April 14, 1922:
Little Earl McComas died yesterday (Tuesday) at 5 P.M. Burial was made the following day in the family burying ground.
Dr. J.E. Whitehall has been at this home in Indiana since last Thursday on a vacation. We are looking for him to return soon.
Mrs. Stone, our boarding house keeper, who has been ill is now improving and will soon be able to attend to her duties again.
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Bedford Queen Tuesday night, a fine boy baby.
The Daisy Coal Mines have resumed operations and are running daily now since a temporary shutdown.
A little son of Mr. Bledsoe, the section foreman, is reported quite ill at this writing.
Mr. Gordon Lilly, one of the pioneer settlers on Lilly’s Branch, is reported out again after a severe illness. Uncle Gordon is one of the oldest citizens in this neighborhood and is past 84 years in age.
Mr. Burgess, of Logan, has moved into the house recently occupied by Dr. Chafin who has moved to Hamlin.
Quite a little excitement prevailed here last week when a colored man and his wife engaged in a free for all and the wife was assisted by a third party. The battle raged in earnest until the arrival of an officer who was required to shoot before the trio could be subdued. Moonshine was at the bottom of the trouble and they were hauled before Squire Lowe where they were each heavily fined.
Aggie Lucas, Appalachia, Big Creek, Big Ugly Creek, Earling, Ernest Lucas, genealogy, George Lucas, H.M. Gill, Herbert Feels, history, Huntington, Irvin Lucas, Jim Brumfield, Jim Gue, Joe Lewis, Leet, Lillie Lucas, Lincoln County, Logan Banner, Lorado, Lucas, Madison Creek, New York, Nora Lucas, Pearl Brumfield, Pleasant Valley, Sylvia Cyphers, teacher, Thelma Huffman, Toney, Vergie Brumfield, Wayne Brumfield, West Virginia
An unknown correspondent from Leet on Big Ugly Creek in Lincoln County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on September 12, 1924:
Dear old Banner, here we come with our bit of news.
L. Hoffman has just completed the new school house at the Pleasant valley, Leet, W.Va.
Mr. and Mrs. H.M. Gill spent a few days vacation on Madison Creek last week.
Mr. and Mrs. Jim Gue made a business trip to Huntington last week.
Mrs. Joe Lewis and family of Lorado were visiting friends at this place last week.
Mr. Wayne Brumfield was calling on Miss Thelma Huffman Sunday.
Miss M. Lucas of Toney, W.Va., and Mr. Boyer of Big Creek were quietly married Wednesday. We wish them much happiness for a future life. They will spend their honeymoon in New York.
Miss Pearl Brumfield’s school is progressing nicely at Lucas, W.Va.
Miss Aggie Lucas, Miss Thelma and Rosa and a bunch of other girls were at a party Saturday night and reported a nice time.
Let’s not forget the 4th Sunday in this month the big meeting in the new school building here at Leet, W.Va.
Mr. Irwin and Ernest Lucas were the guests of Miss Thelma Huffman Friday and Saturday.
Miss Vergie Brumfield left Sunday evening for Earling, W.Va., where she will remain to teach school.
Miss Thelma Huffman entertained a bunch of girls and boys with piano and Victrola music Sunday.
Mr. Ernest Lucas was calling on Miss Sylvia Cyphers Sunday.
Miss Nora Lucas and George Lucas were out horse back riding Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Feels were down to visit home folks last week.
Miss Lillie Lucas was calling on homefolks Saturday and Sunday.
Mrs. L. Hoffman seems to be really busy now a days canning fruit.
NOTE: In the mid-1990s, I enjoyed several telephone calls and an exchange of letters with Vergie and Pearl Brumfield, who were daughters of my great-great-uncle Jim Brumfield.
Alvie Purkey, Appalachia, appendicitis, Atenville, B.D. Toney, Big Creek, David Crockett, Earl McComas, genealogy, Hamlin, history, Howard McComas, Huntington, James B. Toney, Lincoln County, Logan Banner, Logan County, pneumonia, Rachel Spry, West Virginia
An unnamed correspondent from Big Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on April 17, 1922:
Mr. B.D. Toney and J.B. Toney, of Big Creek, have been attending circuit court at Hamlin this week.
Baby Earl, son of Mr. and Mrs. Howard McComas, has been very ill since last Saturday with broncho-pneumonia.
Alvie Purkey, who had been ill with appendicitis, died Wednesday, March 29. He was operated on at a local hospital at Huntington, after which pneumonia fever developed.
A banquet was given after the lodge meeting at the K. of P. hall Wednesday night.
Mrs. Rachel Spry, of Atenville, has been very ill with pneumonia fever, but is now very much improved.
Dr. D.P. Crockett, of Big Creek, was in Logan Thursday. Dr. Crockett has been ill for several days having had an appointment at the C&O hospital at Huntington for abscess of frontal sinus.
Appalachia, Big Creek, Charleston, coal, Daisy, Daisy Coal Company, David Crockett, Gordon Lilly, H.J. Markham, history, Huntington, James B. Toney, Logan Banner, Logan County, Peter M. Toney, pneumonia, Stone Branch, W.H. McKinney, West Virginia
An unknown correspondent from Big Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on February 17, 1922:
In the last few days Daisy Coal mines started up after being shut down for about four months.
Mr. West, mining engineer of Charleston, has been in Big Creek looking after business matters the last few days.
Mr. P.M. Toney, member of the County Court, has been to Charleston and other places pertaining to business matters for the last few days.
Mrs. J.B. Toney and family of Huntington have been visiting relatives in Big Creek for several days.
Mr. and Mrs. H.J. Markham have been visiting relatives here for the last few days.
There has been a lot of sickness here in the last two weeks and a number of cases of pneumonia.
Mr. and Mrs. W.H. McKinney, who have been visiting relatives, have gone to house keeping and decided to stay here. Mr. McKinney is employed as electrician for the Daisy Coal Co.
A new baby was born to Mr. and Mrs. Millard Sanders.
Mr. and Mrs. J.W. Stone of Peach Creek are visiting Mr. Stone’s mother at Big Creek.
A bad cough and cold is interfering with Uncle Gord Lilly’s matrimonial arrangements as announced by him. But Uncle Gord tells us that this matter will be attended to promptly.
Dr. Crockett has been away attending to business matters in Charleston.
A great protracted meeting has been going on at Stone Branch for the past two weeks. There were sixteen conversions. A number will be baptized Sunday.
Appalachia, barber, Big Creek, Big Creek Coal Company, Black Hawk Colliery Company, C&O Railroad, C.C. Spriegel, Cyrus Elkins, D P Crockett, genealogy, history, Huntington, J.W. Carver, jeweler, Kentucky, L.J. Manor, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, Millard Sanders, Peach Creek, Peter M. Toney, Pikeville, Standard V. Rousey, stenographer, W.F. Stone, W.H. McKinney, Washington D.C., West Virginia
An unknown correspondent from Big Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on January 27, 1922:
JAN. 25–Millard Sanders has just completed a nice two story building and is going to open up a store in the store room building.
Mr. Cyrus Elkins, car repairer of the C. & O. at Big Creek, has been laid off from work for the past ten days or two weeks on the account of an abscess on his shoulder due to a bruise while repairing bad order cars, but will resume duty again next week.
Mr. P.M. Toney, of Big Creek, has been in Huntington for a few days attending to business matters and visiting his family.
Mrs. L.J. Manor, wife of the general manager of the Big Creek Coal Co. and Black Hawk Colliery co., gave a dance and farewell party last week in honor of Mr. and Mrs. C.C. Spriegel who left recently for Washington, D.C.
Mr. and Mrs. W.H. McKinney from Pikeville, Ky., are visiting friends and relatives in Big Creek.
Mr. W.F. Stone, who has been living in Big Creek and working at Peach Creek as train dispatcher, is moving to Huntington to accept another position with the C. & O. Railway Company.
Mr. S.V. Rousey, supervisor of the C. & O., has been in Big Creek several times in the last week or so on business for the company.
Mr. J.W. Carver, local barber and jeweler, of Big Creek has recently built a new barber shop and jewelry store.
Mr. D.P. Crockett, stenographer for England and Hager of Logan, was in Big Creek last Saturday.
Appalachia, Aracoma, Big Creek, Boone County, Brooke McNeely, Camp Chase, Chapmanville District, Charles Williams, civil war, Claude Ellis, coal, Confederate Army, crime, Dave Kinser, Democratic Party, Douglas Kinser, Elbert Kinser, Ethel, Fort Branch, French River, genealogy, ginseng, Harts Creek, Hetzel, history, J. Green McNeely, Jake Kinser, Jane Mullins, Jefferson Davis, Jim Aldridge, John Carter, John Kinser, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, logging, Malinda Kinser, Malinda Newman, Mary Ann Ellis, Mud Fork, Otis Kinser, rafting, Scott Ellis, Smyth County, Stonewall Jackson, timbering, tobacco, Virginia, Washington Township, West Virginia, Wythe County
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