Black Hawk Mine (1916)


, , , , , , , ,

Black Hawk Mine Ad LD 12.14.1916.JPG

Logan (WV) Democrat, 14 December 1916.


Logan, WV (1913-1914)


, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, come these items relating to town history in 1913-1914:

Sure Signs of Prosperity

Logan has added three new attorneys to its big roll of legal practitioners this year. The last one is Mr. O.J. Deegan, of Valparaiso, Indiana, who arrived in the city last week and has taken offices with Attorney E.H. Green in the Guyan Valley Bank Bldg. The other two new ones are Ira Hager, of Lincoln Co., officed in the same building and adjoining Senator E.T. England, and Attorney W.J. Lawrence, Jr. of Charleston, whose office is in the new Buskirk building. Mr. Lawrence is also Treasurer of the Jefferson Hotel company. All these newcomers are young and active men of sterling worth and are sure to succeed. Here’s the glad hand of prosperity.


The principal streets of Logan, both paved and unpaid, are torn up this week, gas mains being laid therein. A large force of men and teams are employed at hauling and laying pipe and the work will be rushed to an early completion. Logan plumbers are busy “roughing in” buildings in readiness for the clean, new fuel that will heat the city next winter. Very few buildings in this city were piped. In fact, very few of the larger buildings were plumbed when built.

Source: Logan (WV) Banner, 8 August 1913.


Logan’s Boosters and Knockers

The “mossback natives” who have tried for a decade to hold Logan back, to prevent its progress and development, and keep new industries and stores out, have played their last card—and it was the joker. They can “go way back and sit down,” or sit up and notice that Logan has grown more the past year than ever before in its history. And what did it? Was it the grouchy and selfish attitude and actions of a few Logan misers—“old fogies” who have made all they want and do not wish others to try to do likewise—or was it the boosting and state-wide publicity given our city and county in the past two years, by our hustling newspapers, that has put Logan on the industrial and commercial map RIGHT? Ask any sensible unprejudiced resident what did it, and take his word for it.

We say again, they have all played their last card, Logan is booming, BOOMING, BOOMING! Nothing can stop it. Big fires only make it better.

The $60,000.00 of bridge bonds have been sold to A.J. Hood & Co. of Detroit, the City “street extension” bonds last year sold at once and the $50,000.00 of City Paving Bonds, now up to the voters, will sell readily, if the election carries—and why should it not carry!

On with the paving!

On with the bridges!

On with the good roads!

On with the new stores!

On with the improvements!

On with the new industries and railroad extensions!

On with the ice and storage plants! “If there is anything Logan needs more than an ice plant, it is TWO ice plants!” On with the ice plant!

Next year Logan will need a new cemetery for “dead ones” that don’t believe it pays to advertise. Got that?

Source: Logan (WV) Banner, 3 October 1913.


Logan’s First Greenhouse

The fresh young onion and lettuce you are eating for your dinners these days are supplied to your grocer from the greenhouse of K.F. Deskins, the first hot-house in this vicinity if not in the county. Keene has had the plant in operation about a month, and he is supplying these nice, fresh greens to the market the past two weeks. It will be some few days yet, even if spring weather comes along for sure, before the regular outdoor garden truck will commence to come into local markets, but by the greenhouse method we are supplied or can be hereafter all winter.

The greenhouse plant is the most modern of its kind: large, twin brick flues, running the entire length of the house and fired from commodious fire-box, supplies the proper heat at all times. All kinds of seeds and plants are started early. Pie plant was a foot high two weeks ago, and now ready for market. Other things in proportion.

Source: Logan (WV) Banner, 3 April 1914.

Riner Historic District in Riner, VA (2018)


, , , , , , ,


Welcome to Riner Historic District, Riner, VA. 4 January 2018. For more information about the district, visit here:


Riner Historic District, Riner, VA. 4 January 2018.


Riner Historic District, Riner, VA. 4 January 2018.


Riner Historic District, Riner, VA. 4 January 2018.

Bennett Theatre in Logan, WV (1913)


, , , , , , , , , , , , ,

In 1913, the Bennett Theatre opened in Logan, WV. The Logan Banner offered plenty of coverage for the new attraction:

Bennett Theatre Advertisement LB 01.17.1913

Logan (WV) Banner, 17 January 1913.


The Bennett Theatre

Messrs. Middleburg and Lopinsky, lessees of the new Bennett theatre have been here several days looking after the interior finishing, installation of curtain, scenery, drops, chairs, picture machine, etc. The seating and electrical equipment, as well as the stage and box office arrangement are of the very best, and every care, and precaution, has been taken for the comfort, safety and convenience of patrons of the Bennett. Step in and have a look at it. The house opens for business Tuesday, January 21st.

Source: Logan (WV) Banner, 17 January 1913.


A Piano by Express

The Bennett Theatre piano went astray in shipment and the manager, F. Middleburg, bought another in Huntington today and shipped it by express. How’s that for a hustler?

Source: Logan (WV) Banner, 17 January 1913.


Bennett Theatre Advertisement LB 01.24.1913

Logan (WV) Banner, 24 January 1913.


Bennett Theatre Announcement LB 01.24.1913.JPG

Bennett Theatre Announcement LB 01.24.1913 2.JPG

Logan (WV) Banner, 24 January 1913.


The Bennett Theatre

This beautiful new theatre opened last night with pictures only, to a large audience of our best people. The entertainment proved first-class both as to the management and the operation. Three fine Association photoplays were presented–an Edison novelty, Essanay drama, and a Selig Western. Manager Midelburg has surely struck the right key-note in selecting this line of entertainment for Logan, between dates of the theatrical attractions he has booked for the season. Announcement of policies and prices will be found in another column.

Source: Logan (WV) Banner, 24 January 1913.

Whirlwind News 06.17.1927


, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

An unknown correspondent from Whirlwind in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on June 17, 1927:

Here we are with a little news from our busy town.

Johnnie Workman of Micco is visiting his brother Elias Workman, who is very ill at this writing.

Sunday School is progressing nicely at Trace. We are sorry it will soon close.

Carl Adams was visiting at Mollie Robinson’s Sunday.

No one knows who the two good-looking men were who went up Hoover Sunday. They looked like Mormon preachers.

Alice McCloud was calling on friends at Dixie Adams’s Sunday.

Clinton Adams is calling on friends at Monaville this week.

Mrs. Jane Adams was visiting her daughter of Buck Fork one day this week.

Cole Adams spent Sunday at Hoover.

Daily events: Clinton and his rabbit; Wilburn going to Daniel’s; Rush going to the mail box; Mollie and her turkey.

Garland B. Conley Grave (2018)


, , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Garland B. Conley (d.1895) was a veteran of Carter’s Company, 129th Regiment Virginia Militia. I recently revisited his grave on Smokehouse Fork of Harts Creek, Logan County, WV. 7 January 2018. Photo by Mom.

Rowan County Feud Letter (1887)


, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

From the Huntington Advertiser of Huntington, WV, dated July 2, 1887 comes this letter about the Rowan County Feud:

The Rowan County War.

Editor Advertiser:

The writer is not surprised that your paper of last week fell into the current of popular opinion and denounced the Toliver gang, of Morehead, Kentucky, as the guilty ones in the celebrated feud which has caused the killing of about thirteen persons. Later advices appear at least to throw doubt on the subject of who is really to blame. Let us see. Here is the Cincinnati Enquirer’s account of the origin of the trouble, taken from that journal of the 23d inst.:

“The beginning of the trouble dates from the August election of 1884, when Cook Humphrey, a Republican, was elected sheriff by a trifling majority. He was a young, spare-built man, fresh from the country, and unsophisticated in appearance and manner. Craig Toliver, at the head of a party of friends, declared that Humphrey should not serve as sheriff. On the evening of the election a row occurred. Pistols were drawn and used, and Solomon Bradley (Democrat), a friend of Toliver’s, was shot and killed. The killing was charged against John Martin, and Toliver swore to be avenged. Subsequently Floyd Toliver and Martin got into a fight and the former (Toliver, Democrat) was killed on the street. From this time it may be said that the Martin (Republican) and Toliver (Democrat) factions were organized in deadly array, both sides determined never to yield, one to the other.”

The analysis of the above is, that the Republicans, having carried the election, became more or less insolent towards the opposition, who were correspondingly depressed and sore over their defeat, and gave utterance to their disappointment, and Craig Toliver used a very foolish expression to the effect that the Republican sheriff elect should not be installed. It is probable that this was accompanied by charges of fraudulent voting on the part of the Republicans–at any rate it was not such an offense as to justify Martin, Republican, in shooting Sol. Bradley, a partisan of Toliver’s. Subsequently Floyd Toliver denounced Martin for having killed Bradley without sufficient provocation and in an unmanly way, and was himself shot by Martin on the instant. So that a war of extermination seems to have been inaugurated by the Martins and their Republican following, against the Bradleys and Tolivers and their Democratic following, and signalized by the cold blooded murder of two of the latter. If this is true, and the record seems to bear it out as true, then the Tolivers were simply defending themselves and their households and party friends against the tumultuous murder of the Martins and their Republican following.

The subsequent getting possession of the person of John Martin (already a double murderer) and his killing at the hands of the Tolivers, whose brother and friend he had slain, was in the nature of retribution, and justified by the circumstances. Later, killings on both sides followed from the hot blooded feud which these had aroused, and while some of them appear to have been barbarous in the extreme, yet they legitimately came of a war of extermination such as had been initiated by the Martins and responded to, and not by the Tolivers and their friends.

A prominent citizen of Cabell Co., now sojourning near the scene of the disorder, in Rowan County, says:

“I suppose the dispatches have told you the war news; how 300 Republicans succeeded in killing four Democrats; but the war has only begun. I hear, to-day, that the Democrats are organizing a company near —— to put down the mob at Morehead who did the killing. He is more than sanguine who thinks the trouble ended.”

Our fellow-citizen, on the ground in Kentucky, evidently thinks the late killing of the three Tolivers unjustified by the facts as they are known to him. Let us wait for the facts.



Archibald Elkins Last Will and Testament (1791)


, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

During a recent visit to the Montgomery County Courthouse in Christiansburg, Virginia, I viewed the Last Will and Testament of Archibald Elkins (1735-1791).


In the Name of god Amen: As I the testator am in a prelarious State of health: But perfect in mind & reason: I do Announce this to Be my last will and testament:

In the first place I commit my soul into the hands of the living god. I also commit my Body to the Care of my friends to Be decently intered. I do Allow as much of my moveble property to Be desposed of as shall Be suficient to discharge all lawfulll debts. I do give and Bequeath unto my wife Margaret one third part of the tract of land I now live on (viz) the lower End of the survey (Containing five Hundred acres) ______ land During her life and after her Decease to be fairly divided Between my three Daughters (viz) Mary, Elizabeth and Lydia — the other two thirds of Sd tract off five Hundred acres that is the uper End of the survey to be Equaly divided when my son Absolem shall be twenty one years of age: and I do give and bequeath my sons David and Absolem the Above mentioned division of land to them and their heirs forever: But if either of the forementioned sons should die Before Sd Absolem shall Be of Age Sd division shall be made and devolve on the next lawfull Heir when the time shall relapse that Sd Absolem should have become twenty one years of age– I do also give and Bequeath to my son John one Hundred and thirty acres of land laying on Camp Creek when he is twenty one y ears of age. I do nominate my wife Margaret to be my Executrix to dispose of the movables and profits of all lands above mentioned Acording to the best of her judgment to bring up my Children given under my hand and seal as my last will & testament.

Archibald Elkins

August ____ (page is torn)


John Bishop

Bonet farmer

Ezekiel Howa__


On the paper’s back:

At a court held for montgomery County the 6th Day of Sept. 1791

The Last Will and Testament of Achibald Elkins was Proved by the oaths of Barnett farmer and John Bishop and ordered to be certified.


Source: Wills Box 1791-1799, Circuit Clerk’s Office, Montgomery County Courthouse, Christiansburg, VA.