Andy McCoy, Appalachia, county clerk, crime, Eli Trent, genealogy, history, John Buchanan, John Gooslin, Joseph Rutherford, Logan County, Melvin B. Lawson, Thomas Buchanan, West Virginia, William Straton
A.S. Christian, Appalachia, Barnabus, Blue Goose, crime, deputy sheriff, Don Chafin, Elliott Northcott, Emmett Scaggs, F.C. Leftwich, Frank Lewis, George W. McClintic, H.S. Walker, history, Huntington, John Browning, John Chafin, John S. Marcum, John T. Gore, Logan Banner, Logan County, Mallory, Mine Wars, Prohibition, sheriff, Simp Thompson, Superintendent of Schools, Tennis Hatfield, Volstead Act, W.F. Farley, Walter Wright, West Virginia, William Avis, William Dingess
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this bit of history about the trial of Sheriff Don Chafin, dated September 26, 1924:
Trial of Don Chafin Set For Monday, October 6
Logan’s Sheriff Will Answer to Charges of Alleged Violation of Volstead Act.
Trial of Don Chafin, fighting sheriff of Logan county and a figure of national prominence, indicted by the grand jury in federal court on two counts, one charging conspiracy to violate the Volstead act and the other engaging unlawfully in the retail liquor business, will come up before Judge George W. McClintic, in United States Court at Huntington Monday October 6.
The same day was fixed by the court for the trial of John T. Gore, a deputy sheriff, and H.S. Walker, who were indicted jointly for alleged conspiracy to secure the arrest and conviction of one Frank Lewis, a negro, on a pistol toting charge because he had been a witness against another negro charged with violating the prohibition law.
Sheriff Don Chafin and Gore were given their release under bond of $5,000 each, but the court declined to admit Walker to bail, and he was remanded to the county jail, and held without bail until Wednesday at which time he was released under [error here in layout] mitted to jail Friday afternoon, after bond of $5,000. The last named was arrested and committed to jail last Friday afternoon, after he was alleged to have administered a severe whipping to William Avis, a witness before the grand jury. The alleged assault was said to have occurred when Avis returned to Logan from Huntington Tuesday.
The court at the same time continued the cases of five other Logan county officials indicted along with Sheriff Chafin, Gore, and Walker to the March term in Huntington [error in layout] in each of these cases the defendant obtained release under $3,000. They were: Emmett Scaggs, now county superintendent of schools in Logan, and the democratic nominee for sheriff, indicted for alleged illicit possession of liquor; Simp Thompson, a deputy sheriff under Chafin, indicted on a charge of alleging that for a $200 consideration he released Walter Wright, in whose possession a still and quantity of moonshine had been found; John Chafin, a relative of the sheriff and a deputy under him, indicted on a charge of having had liquor at the polls at Mallory, Logan county during the conduct of a national election; William Dingess, a deputy sheriff, indicted on a charge of selling liquor; and John Browning, a deputy sheriff, indicted for alleged possession of whisky in the basement of the court house at Logan.
Indicted jointly with Dingess on a charge of selling moonshine was Garfield Maynard. He did not appear for arraignment with the rest of the accused and the court ordered a capias issued for him.
Appearing in court with the famed fighting sheriff of Logan and the rest of the indicted persons were Colonel John S. Marcum and Judge F.C. Leftwich, engaged as defense counsel for the entire group. The formalities were brief and required but a comparatively short time of transaction. After furnishing their bonds the accused, with their bondsmen, who included W.F. Farley and A.S. Christian, left the court chamber in a body, accompanied by their counsel.
The indictments against the Logan officials were returned by the federal grand jury Friday morning, coming as the outgrowth of an exhaustive investigation of affairs in Logan county which the government, it was said, has been conducting here for the past six months or more. According to reports, as many as 20 agents of the department of justice were at work in Logan at one time.
Tennis Hatfield, Republican nominee for the office of sheriff of Logan county, who served a jail term of eleven months and paid a fine of $1,000 for violating the prohibition law, was understood to have been the principal witness against Sheriff Don Chafin before the grand jury.
According to statements emanating from the office of United States District Attorney Elliott Northcott, Hatfield offered testimony to the effect that Chafin was his partner in the ownership and promotion of the notorious speakeasy once conducted at Barnabus in Logan county. This establishment, known as the Blue Goose, flourished from 1914 to late in 1922, when federal men closed up the place.
Source: Logan (WV) Banner, 26 September 1924
Amanda Mullins, Appalachia, Bluefield, Buck Fork, C.H. McCloud, Charlie Mullins, Cherry Tree, genealogy, Harts Creek, history, James Baisden, John Jackson, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, moonshining, Ohio, Randy Baisden, revenue agents, S.W. Dalton, Trace Fork, Troy Vance, Weltha Mullins, West Virginia, Whirlwind
A correspondent named “Blue Belle” from Whirlwind on Harts Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on January 12, 1923:
The roads are rocky but they won’t be rocky long.
Troy Vance has returned from Ohio. He reported a nice time.
The Revenue Officers sure are raiding Harts Creek.
C.H. McCloud said that he was going to run a baggage truck from Logan to Harts Creek. $2.50 will be the charge.
I saw Charlie Mullins going to Trace Fork Sunday. He said goodbye to the Buck Fork girls.
Wonder who it was that was visiting the widow last Saturday night?
Mr. Randy Baisden has forsaken the Whirlwind girls and has gone to Cherry Tree.
John Jackson and Weltha Mullins and Amanda Mullins were seen going through Mullins town some time ago. The girls sure were hanging to Johnnie.
James Baisden and S.W. Dalton have just returned from Bluefield and both reported a good time.
Anna Adams, Appalachia, Buck Fork, Eula Adams, genealogy, Harts Creek, Harts Creek School, history, Howard Adams, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, Nora Adams, Ora Mullins, Shirley Mullins, singing schools, Weltha Mullins, West Virginia
A correspondent named “Baby Doll” from Harts Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on January 19, 1923:
As we have begun writing, I suppose we had better not stop, so here goes.
Miss Ora Mullins is very ill at this writing.
Mrs. Baisden is also on sick list this week.
Singing school is still progressing nicely.
Harts has such a terrible rep. I’m sure some would reverse their opinion if they would just visit our singing school.
In my opinion, Harts Creek is as good or maybe better, than any place I know. Come on Harts Creeker, and help me cheer Harts.
Are we “It”?
I say yes.
–Citizens of Harts Creek school
Howard Adams, Eula Adams, Anna Adams, and Nora Adams all have gone back to Logan to attend school.
Mrs. Shirley Mullins is conducting a good school on Buck Fork. We really appreciate her work and wish to thank her.
How many know that there is to be a wedding in this hamlet soon? You don’t know? Well, how do you like the way you found out?
Miss Weltha Mullins has been visiting her parents of this place.
Some of the people in Logan seem to think that the people on Harts Creek never saw a car. Pahaw, fella. They make ‘em climb trees in our burg.
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this bit of history about Logan (then known as Aracoma) dated July 17, 1937:
Logan’s First Mayor Had Comparatively Few Worries
City “Clean-ups” Were Practically Unknown When J.B. Buskirk Served As Logan’s First Executive Back In 1893
Unlike the present-day affairs in the city of Logan with gambling, bootlegging, and all forms of vice causing the mayor, the police force, and the city council no little concern, the early residents of the city and their administrative bodies had little trouble in making and enforcing the laws.
Ordinances that would almost escape notice today, were they brought before the city legislative group, assumed the importance of grave administrative matters.
City “cleanups” were practically unknown, unless one could consider the annual spring drives against muddy thoroughfares and broken hitching posts as “clean ups.”
City legislators concerned themselves not at all with approving beer license ordinances, public health ordinances, and street marking programs. As to beer, the corner saloon was always handy and was somewhat a refuge from the law.
There was no such thing as “public” health, except in cases of epidemics when each citizen would pitch in and get everything as “clean as a hound’s tooth.”
Street marking in the early days could be construed only as the placing of a line of large rocks at regular intervals across strategic spots on the city’s one thoroughfare to enable pedestrians to cross from one side of the street to the other during the rainy season.
J.B. Buskirk, the first mayor of which there is record, elected with a city council to work with him, lived a life of ease compared with the administration of a present-day mayor.
Buskirk held sway in 1893 and, except for numerous resignations of public officials being continually tendered him, he had little cause to worry. Evidently the city fathers pined away in their chairs from boredom.
Record is made of the long-remembered council meeting of June 27, 1893, when Buskirk, with his council composed of Leander Cary, G.W. Morgan, John A. Sheppard, T.C. Whited, and S.B. Robertson met and passed the following ordinance:
“Be it ordained by the common council of the town of Aracoma: That any person found guilty of pitching horse shoes, rings or anything of like manner, or playing quoits, ball, marbles, or any similar game or games upon the streets or alleys of the town of Aracoma, shall be fined not less than one dollar nor more than five dollars at the discretion of the Mayor.”
The council did not indicate whether or not they considered these practices gambling.
Those were the days—from a mayor’s point of view.
NOTE: Aracoma was Logan’s official name in 1893.
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