Appalachia, C&O Railroad, Chapmanville, Crispin S. Stone, Dingess Street, E.R. Chapman, Elm Street, Ferrell Addition, Guyandotte River, history, L.W. Chapman, Logan County, Main Street, Matheny Lot, Stone Street, West Virginia
Andrew Johnson, Appalachia, Atenville, Cabell County, county clerk, genealogy, Guyandotte River, Guyandotte Valley Navigation Company, history, John Chapman, justice of the peace, Lincoln County, Lock No. 5, Logan County, Spencer A. Mullins, Virginia, W.I. Campbell, West Virginia, William Straton, Willow Bar
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this bit of history relating to coal and the Guyandotte River, dated 1927:
UNPLEASANT AND HARMLESS TASTE NOTED IN CITY WATER—IS CAUSED BY PHENOL WASHED INTO RIVER
The local water company has lately been flooded with telephone calls relative to a strange taste and odor in the city water supply. At the request of the water company the County Health Department has made an investigation. It has been found that the queer taste and odor is not due to excessive use of chlorine disinfectant, as most people seem to believe. A great many people have remarked that the odor especially resembles that of carbolic acid. As a matter of fact, the compound causing it does not belong to the same family. The taste is caused by a phenol compound which is a coal tar product found in coal mine wastes. The heavy rains this week have washed some of this deposit from the upper Guyan Valley coal fields into the river. There is no known satisfactory method to remove phenol from water, so it goes through the water paint; part of it combining with the chlorine used for disinfecting and producing the taste so prevalent for the last few days.
The water is entirely safe and it is not injurious to health. It will probably last only a few days, until the flood waters in the rivers subside.
The situation is not a new one; various towns over the state, using stream water from coal field drainage districts, report “chloro-phenol” taste from time to time. The only remedy is to keep the coal waste from draining into the streams. Some work has been done in Pennsylvania along this line but so far little has been accomplished in West Virginia.
Logan County Health Department
Source: Logan (WV) Banner, 21 October 1927
American Revolution, Andrew Lewis, Appalachia, Battle of Point Pleasant, Cayuga, Chief Cornstalk, Chief Logan, Daniel Greathouse, England, governor, Guyandotte Valley, history, Iroquois, James Logan, John Murray, Lord Dunmore, Michael Cresap, Mingo, Native American History, Native Americans, Ohio, Oneida, Pennsylvania, Six Nations, Susquehanna
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this bit of history for Chief Logan, printed in 1937:
Family of Chief Logan Was Brutally Murdered After Battle of Pt. Pleasant
Chief Logan, the Cayuga Indian leader who was an important figure in the Indian Confederation in the early days of the Revolutionary war and for whom the city of Logan was named, was an instrument in the hands of Governor Dunmore, appointed by the English Parliament to conduct the affairs of the 13 colonies.
The family of Chief Logan was brutally murdered soon after the battle of Point Pleasant on October 10, 1774, in order to incite to new acts of murder and rapine the Indians whose order for fighting the courageous white settler was beginning to wane.
In the Battle of Point Pleasant the Indian Confederacy, commanded by Chief Cornstalk faced the white settlers under General Andrew Lewis and got a taste of the treatment they might expect in event England and the Colonies went to war with themselves on the side of the mother country.
Dr. Connelly, a deputy of Governor Dunmore, realized that the Indian desire for white scalps was somewhat satiated by the battle of Point Pleasant and the tribes were once gain becoming interested in their everyday life of hunting and shing. In order to offset this feeling of contentment, Dr. Connelly employed the English trader named Greathouse to incite the Indians to new acts of bloodshed.
Trader Greathouse knew of the popularity of the Cayuga chief Logan and rightly judged that an injustice done him would be an injustice to the majority of the tribes of the Confederacy.
Greathouse well-versed in the Indian situation west of the Alleghenies set out to the greatest harm to the Indians in the shortest time and chose the family of Chief Logan as the best possible victims of a white man’s outrage, knowing full well that Dr. Connelly had chosen a colonist well-known to the Indians to hold the “bag.”
The trader, posing as a representative of the English government, gained admittance to Chief Logan’s camp deep in the wilds of the Alleghenies while the latter was away on a hunting expedition. At an opportune moment when he knew that he would not be detected, Greathouse entered Chief Logan’s family circle of tepees and murdered the squaw and the Chief’s favorite children.
When the outrage was discovered by the braves, Greathouse, by instruction from Connelly, told of seeing a white Army officer’s horse near the camp that night before but though it to be of a courier. The unsuspecting braves took the explanation as good and allowed Greathouse to leave soon afterward.
Chief Logan returned from his hunting trip, found his family murdered and demanded retribution from the English.
Dr. Connelly definitely fixed the murder on a Captain Cresap, who at the time of the slaying was at his home in Maryland.
This, however, was enough for Chief Logan. A colonist, a member of the paleface band with whom a treaty had been made following the battle of Point Pleasant, had violated the trust. He returned to his Confederacy and began the work that Governor had anticipated.
The Indian tribes began new raids on the white settlers homes in the West and sufficiently retarded organization of a settlers’ regiment to allow Dunmore to make new inroads on the angry colonists in the East who were laying plans which culminated in the rebellion in 1776.
Dunmore’s strategy triumphed and probably held up the Revolution for at least a year.
Logan (WV) Banner, 19 April 1937
Life of Chief Logan Is An Interesting Narrative
Indian Chief Was Peaceful Until Massacre Of Family At Pt. Pleasant Changed Him To A Veritable Devil; Father Was French
Logan, chief of the Mingos, stands out as a romantic figure in the history of Indian warfare of this section.
His was a tragic role player on the shifting stage of border warfare between the white settlers who were attempting to penetrate the “wilderness” and the Indian tribes who were attempting to cling to their priority rights in this section before being pushed farther westward to the plains.
Logan was his place in history as an orator as well as a famed Indian warrior.
He was a true friend of the white man until, through the machinations of the English in an effort to incite the Indians to further bloodshed, his family was killed by a treacherous white trader named Greathouse.
Logan’s father was a French child who was captured by the Indians and adopted by the Oneida tribe that inhabited Eastern Pennsylvania and Western New York.
When he grew to manhood, he was possessed not only of a commanding stature, but of all the arts, wiles, traits, and characteristics endowed by nature and intellect to an Indian warrior.
By virtue of these he became chief of the tribe of the Susquehannas, who made their home in the Susquehanna valley of Pennsylvania.
The mother of Logan was a Mingo, or Cayuga, which tribe was a derelict branch of the Iroquois and the Six Great Nations.
It is believed that the influence of Logan’s mother on her son caused him to have attitude of tolerance and friendship toward the whites. Whether he husband influenced her sentiments for the whites is not definitely known.
As a matter of fact it was she who christened her son, the great and mighty warrior, “Logan,” in honor of James Logan, who was then secretary for Pennsylvania.
Logan’s Indian name was Tah-gah-jute, meaning “the young and mighty warrior.”
He was after a time chosen chief of the Mingo tribe of this section. As chief of the Mingos he was slow to anger, indulgent, considerate, and dealing in a kindly manner with those who dealt kindly with him.
Chief Logan married an Indian maiden whose name is not recorded. He reared a family in territory of the Guyandotte watershed and was relatively happy, living at peace, with man, until the English changed him from a peaceful Indian to a veritable devil by having massacred his family at a camp in the Ohio.
The stories of Chief Logan’s campaign against the white man after the atrocious murder of his family is recorded in history and tradition.
He lived to see his beloved hunting grounds desecrated by the white man and died a broken-hearted old chieftain somewhere in a camp on the Ohio.
A bronze replica of the mighty warrior has been erected in front of the courthouse at Williamson in memory of the Mingo chief. Logan and Logan county has honored his name by taking it for themselves.
Logan (WV) Banner, 1 May 1937
A.K. Bowling, Abraham, Alma Wagner, Anna Bowling, Appalachia, Busy Bee Pool Room, Butcher Pool Room, Chapmanville, Ed Conley, Eunice Ward, Everett Fondee, genealogy, Gordon Adams, Guy Dingess, Guyandotte River, history, J.D. Turner, John Dingess, Logan, Logan County, Millard Brown, Monroe Conley, Mont Tabor, Omar, P.M. Ferrell, Ray Swann, Silas Smith, Star Supply, West Virginia, Wonderland Theatre
A correspondent named “Slow Sam” from Chapmanville in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on March 10, 1922:
The revival at the Holiness church, conducted by Rev. Johnson, is still going on.
Three very interesting sermons by Rev. Langdon were delivered at the Christian church.
Monroe Conley’s house was destroyed by fire Wednesday morning.
We are glad to say that Dr. J.D. Turner’s baby is improving rapidly.
Mrs. Larkin, of Omar, is visiting her parents, Rev. and Mrs. Langdon of this place.
Mr. Silas Smith, of Abraham, was visiting at A.K. Bowling’s Monday.
The free show given at the Wonderland Theatre was well attended Tuesday night.
Mont Tabor, of Logan, was seen on our streets Sunday.
Mr. Everett Fondee and Miss Eunice Ward were calling on Miss Anna Bowling Wednesday evening.
Mr. P.M. Ferrell and Miss Alma Wagner were seen walking our streets a fine evening ago.
Wanda looks lonesome this week!
Mr. Millard Brown is calling quite often at the Star Supply. There is a good looking girl working there.
Mr. Gordon Adams killed a fine hog, Ernest said.
Mrs. Ferrell is visiting friends here.
John Dingess looks pleased. Wonder why?
Guy Dingess was seen talking to some girls down the street one day this week.
Jim was glad the show was free!
Mr. Ray Swann is working at Chapmanville now.
The Busy Bee pool room is doing good business.
The music is fine in the Butcher pool room as well as the business.
Mr. Mathenie has moved back to his home at this place.
Ed Conley has moved across the river.
Good luck to The Banner!
On June 4, 1937, the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, offered an interview with an elderly resident who recounted a terrible dry season in the Guyandotte Valley in 1881.
Pioneer Citizen Recalls Dreadful Drought of 1881
Attorney J.E. (Ned) Peck Says Weather Was So Hot That Corn Was Hoed In Moonlight; Animals Died From “Black Tongue”
Attorney J.E. (Uncle Ned) Peck was in a reminiscent mood early this week as a result of the hot weather which preceded the storms yesterday and the day before.
While everyone else was complaining about the extremely hot weather coming so early in the spring. Uncle Ned contentedly maintained his usual tenor of life and kept himself cool with memories of the summer in 1881 when a drought of proportions such as have never been heard of before or since struck Logan county and lasted for four months.
Attorney Peck told how the weather became so hot that everybody hoed their corn by moonlight to keep the stalks from withering under the blazing sun which would begin to bear down at 7 o’clock each morning and increase in intensity until 6:30 in the evening when the mountain peaks would give some surcease from the bright yellow infernos of mid-day heat which surrounded everything in a furnace-like grasp.
Uncle Ned related that the banks of the Guyan were lined with animals from the hills, all enmity forgotten, staking their thirst side by side for days on end.
He was just 13 years old then, but he says he distinctly remembers standing in the yard of his home at Pecks Mill with his mother and counting more than a score of deer in a river bottom cornfield below the house.
Wild animals died like flies and a plague of “Black Tongue” ravaged the many herds of deer which roamed the mountains and river valleys of Logan county.
A total of 1500 deer died that summer, Uncle Ned said, and Albert Dingess, old resident of Harts Creek, found 101 deer, dead and dying, their tongues blackened and swollen from their mouths, packed, in a lick near his home.
Deer pelts sold for $4 each, but the flesh was inedible after the animal had died of the plague. Licks throughout the county were rancid with the smell of burning carcasses which had been skinned and stacked in huge piles to be made into pyres.
Water in Guyan river became so low that one could stop the flow over shoals with the hand, and his father had to slow corn meal production to one grinding a week at their grist mill, Attorney Peck said.
The only way that corn could be ground was to allow the dam which spanned the river to fill and then run the mill until the water was used. Then it would take another week for the dam to refill.
No persons died of heat in the county that summer and the crops were not materially damaged, though the toll on animal life was high.
When the leaves began to turn and light frosts added a crispness to the air, the animals started an exodus from the river valley back to their haunts along creeks and in dark hollows and Logan countians knew that the drought was ended.
With such an experience, and with the summer of 1881 in mind, it is easy for Uncle Ned Peck to say in all sincerity: “We’re having a mighty cool spring this year.”
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