The following letter was composed by George Workman of Logan County, WV, and sent to Lewis Lawson:
April the 3rd 1867
Mr. Lewis Lawson. Sir. I take the present oppotunity of informing you that I have been in formed that you claim to have a deed of trust on my land. now this seems a strange truth to me for you know that I never gave you any such a thing and I think you are a man of better sense than to forge such a thing you don’t like to work that well I give you and smoot a deed of trust on five head of cattle which the rebs took from me and when you want your pay you must make them pay me now sir if you have a trust deed on my land you had better keep it to your self for I can prove the deed was on cattle and I will prossecute you as you are a man. You must think that I am a perfect idiot that I will let you forge a trust deed sell me out say nothing to you. but I am not quite that dull now sir I dare you to do any thing with your deed and Just show you that I am not a sleep and I am not worth what the law a lows me until you rebs pays me for my property then I will pay you & c.
Note: Mr. Lawson, born about 1810 in England, lived at Whites Mills in 1860 where the census listed him as a farmer and merchant with $4000 worth of real estate and $15,720 worth of personal property.
Appalachia, Aracoma, B.E. Ferrell, Banco, Basil Duty, Big Creek, Braxton County, Broad Branch School, C.A. Justice, Charlie Stone, Clara Harmon, Cynthiana, D.H. Harmon, Daisy, Daisy School, Dewey Miller, Earl Justice, Elm Street, Estep, Gardner Baisden, Gay Petit, genealogy, H.F. Lucas, history, Jesse Justice, Logan Banner, Logan County, Mary Hager, Mary Thomas, Mt. Sinai, Mud Fork, O.C. Justice, O.L. Harmon, Ohio, Ruby Browning, Six Mile, Stone Branch, Ted Hager, West Virginia, Whitman
An unknown correspondent from Banco on Big Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on October 12, 1926:
All you folks of different towns
And the travelers making rounds
Who read lots of papers
And are always getting blue
Just get The Logan Banner and read it too.
Miss Gay Petit of Braxton county, teacher of the Daisy school, and Miss Mary Thomas of Estep were the guests of Clara Harmon last Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Stone and children were out motoring last Saturday evening.
We imagine H.F.L. will soon don his furs and be off for the “North Pole.”
Gardner Baisden of Estep passed through Banco last Sunday enroute to Stone Branch. What’s the attraction around there, Peanut?
Mr. and Mrs. C.A. Justice, Mr. and Mrs. O.C. Justice, and Earl Justice motored from Whitman last Sunday and were the guests of home folks on Elm Street.
Mr. and Mrs. C.L. Hager and small daughter of Stone Branch and Mr. and Mrs. Ted Hager of Big Creek were the guests of Mrs. Mary Hager last Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. Dewey Miller of Six Mile motored through Banco last Sunday evening.
O.L. Harmon of Aracoma was calling on his uncle Mr. D.H. Harmon here one evening last week.
Look out girls of Banco and Estep. You’re going to lose Basil Duty, as he is visiting Mud Fork real often. There must be some attraction up there.
H.F. Lucas of Elm Street was in Banco real early last Sunday morning. He surely was inspecting the “Candy Kitchens” of this town.
Miss Ruby Browning, teacher of the Broad Branch school, was visiting her parents at Cynthiana, Ohio, the last weekend.
Mrs. B.E. Ferrell of Mt. Sinai was a business caller in Banco one day last week.
Wonder if the “Boy” who resides on Elm Street saw the pretty girl from Daisy that was visiting in Banco last Sunday?
Jesse Justice surely will be an expert at swallowing taffy as he followed a mill all last week that ground out the goods.
Good luck to all.
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, in a story titled “Origin of Coal,” comes this bit of coal history dated May 24, 1927:
ORIGIN OF COAL
It is a self evident fact that coal is of vegetable origin, and the evidence of which can be briefly stated, based on present scientific study of this subject:
1. Vegetables remains long extinct are found plentiful in close proximity with coal seams; stumps, roots, leaves and stems are found int eh slate overlying the seam and under clay, and are found even imbedded in the seams themselves.
2. This vegetation is associated with the coal seam and often becomes coal whiles till retaining its original form and structure.
3. This vegetation is found and recognized in the whole coal seam, even the coal ashes carefully examined under a powerful microscope show vegetable cells.
4. The perfect gradation may be traced from wood through the different kind of coal, and by chemical analysis.
5. Peats may be manufactured into a substance having many of the qualities of coal, and we may say further that all carbon and hydro carbon have organic matter.
The Flora or plant life of the coal measures are of the most abundant and perfect of all the extinct plants. It has been estimated that there are about 2000 known species of plant fossils in the coal measures. This Flora is really interesting to the geologist in that it furnishes a key to the evolution of the land plants. These plants are found preserved in some form in the coal seams in the overlying slate and rocks and underlying clays and slates.
From address by Charles E. Krebs, at convention of Mine Inspectors Institute of America, in session at Charleston last week.
Appalachia, Boston, Cincinnati, coal, F.W. Batcheler, history, Holden, Huntington, Island Creek, Island Creek Coal Company, James D. Francis, Kentucky, Logan, Logan Banner, New York, Norfolk and Western Railroad, Ohio, Pine Creek, Pond Creek, R.S. McVey, Thomas B. Davis, West Virginia
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this story titled “Boston Coal Men Pleased with Island Creek Development–New Town of Pine Creek Planned For,” published on October 25, 1927:
BOSTON COAL MEN PLEASED WITH ISLAND CREEK DEVELOPMENT–NEW TOWN OF PINE CREEK PLANNED FOR
Wish that more of the men at Boston, who talk about “mining camps” could come to West Virginia and see the flourishing cities and towns which dot the coal fields and ride over the hard roads which connect them was expressed Friday by F.W. Batcheler of Boston, treasurer of the Island Creek Coal Company. Mr. Batcheler, for 25 years in his present capacity, had just arrived in Huntington after his first visit to his company’s properties in Logan county and on Pond Creek in Kentucky. He said frankly that the experience had been a revelation to him, familiar as he already was in theory with the activities of his and other companies in these fields, reports the Herald-Dispatch.
Thomas B. Davis of New York, the Island Creek president, who has observed personally the development of the coal fields, was no less enthusiastic than Mr. Batcheler in his comment off the changes which have been wrought since his first visit to Island Creek.
“At first,” he said, “we had to go up the Norfolk & Western, using an accommodation train, and go across the mountains on horseback. Now we can inspect both Pond Creek and Island Creek properties in less time than it took them to get into the field.”
His enthusiasm and that of his fellow travelers was heightened by the fact that the party came to Huntington from Holden, by automobile, in two hours and twenty minutes.
With the president and Mr. Batcheler were R.S. McVey of Cincinnati, vice president in charge of sales, and James D. Francis of Huntington, vice president. Other members of the sales force took part in the inspection visit to the fields.
President Davis spoke in an optimistic strain of business conditions, which he feels are going to continue good despite a “let down” tendency now manifest.
“We can’t go at top speed all the time,” was his comment.
One of the chief points of interest to the inspection party while in Logan was operation No. 22, a new shaft mine which is being opened by the Island Creek company at an outlay of several million dollars.
15-Foot Seam at No. 22
“The shafts are down,” Mr. Davis said, “and we have found a 15-foot seam of coal as good as any found anywhere. The hoists are being raised and the first houses are being built.”
The preliminary housing in the new town of Pine Creek will include about forty buildings. The complete program, the officials explain, includes 600 houses to care for a population of 3,500. To reach this operation a railroad extension was built and a hard road, running for much of the seven-mile distance, was built by the company to connect Pine Creek with Holden.
Albert Dingess, Albert Dingess Family Cemetery, Appalachia, cemeteries, Charleston, genealogy, Harts Creek, history, James Bryant, Logan County, Martha Ann Dingess, Minerva Adkins, Shively, Shively Post Office, Smokehouse Fork, West Virginia, West Virginia State Archives, Works Progress Administration
From the Logan Democrat of Logan, WV, comes this interesting bit of railroad history titled “High Officials of C. & O. Pay Visit to Guyan Valley,” printed on January 11, 1917.
HIGH OFFICIALS OF C. & O. PAY VISIT TO GUYAN VALLEY
In a special train of four cars, President G.W. Stevens and other high officials of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway company made an inspection up through the Guyan Valley on last Tuesday of this week, and that evening held a lengthy conference with Chamber of Commerce leaders and other prominent citizens of the city in regard to the needs and prospective improvements of the region, and during which many matters were placed upon a very satisfactory basis and better understanding.
Accompanying President Stevens were J. Paul Stevens, general manager; L.B. Allen, general superintendent; E.L. Bock, division superintendent; E.D. Hotchkiss, general freight agent; Mr. Walls, real estate agent; Mr. Trumbull, chairman of the board of directors and a number of other men prominently identified with the great railroad system, all of whom were enthusiastic over the wonderful development of the local coal fields and highly pleased with their trip.
As a result of the meeting it is understood that the long sought chair car on all Huntington trains will become a fixture in the near future, and that several other important and highly desired railroad improvements will very soon be started or accomplished.